Cassette Tapes

cassette1The sales of tapes have seen big increases in recent years with another increase of 125% in 2018, but is this really a return of the cassette?

In the words of LL Cool J, don’t call it a comeback. Yet quite a bit has been made of the increase in tape sales in 2018. The jump in sales is quite big, standing at 125%. On the surface it sounds like an acceleration in sales that replicates the recent resurgence of vinyl. But is tape really seeing a revival? If we look more closely, it seems more likely that something else is happening.

If we are honest, tapes were never a great way to listen to music. They gave us access to music, but they are unlikely to be anyone’s preferred way of listening. We might have nostalgia for the time that we used tapes or for the music we listened to on the format, but people are unlikely to be that nostalgic about the format itself. They lacked the warmth and feel of vinyl, they lacked the quality and ease of skipping of a CD. The tape trapped you into linear listening, having to follow the tape from start to finish and back again. With tape it was hard to skip between tracks or to go straight to a particular song (this admittedly had some benefits, you got to know the music better and I suppose it made you listen to tracks that you might otherwise jump over). They were easily damaged and the quality wasn’t always great.

Despite the drawbacks, tapes still had their value. They were more mobile than other formats of the time, they could be listened to on the move and stored more easily, and they were often cheaper than CD and Vinyl. The best thing about tape was how easy they were to record onto. Purchased albums could easily be copied and mixtapes were a great way to share music.

Tapes also have a couple of advantages over streaming and download, which might explain the modest sales numbers of recent years — and why some bands and artists are choosing to release their music on cassette. Tapes have an actual material presence. They can be held, looked at, felt, displayed. The move from more material formats to streaming and downloads does lack this, it lacks the tactile material relationship that formats like tape provide – which might also be why people are turning back to vinyl.

For some, tapes carry a kind of connection with past experiences. They are an example of what Sherry Turkle calls ‘evocative objects’, they are objects that capture bits of our biographies. Some of the tape sales will be a product of people recalling the magic of buying music on tape and the excitement that went with it — especially when they were part of early musical experiences. I remember with fondness getting Never Mind the Bollocks on tape, I still have it (although I listen to the vinyl version now)

If we look more closely at the official sales figures, they show that of the 50,000 tapes that were sold 7,523 were of The 1975’s album A Brief Inquiry into Online Relationships and 6,262 were of Kylie Minogue’s album Golden, both were limited edition (the Prodigy were third highest with 2,148 tape copies of their album No Tourists). So these two artists made up about a third of all the tapes sold in the year. This suggests not that people are going back to tape, but that certain limited or collector-type issues of tapes will do well and will boos the overall numbers. It seems that the tape is making a comeback not so much as a way of listening to music, although people undoubtedly are doing this, but more often as a collectable.

A few years ago tape looked like a dead format. Tape players weren’t manufactured on the same scale and few artists and labels released material on the format. The increase in tapes is part of a return to a more material connection with culture that goes with increases in book and Vinyl sales (although CD sales are still dropping). Sometimes people like to hold their music in their hands and put it, and their identity, on display in their homes. We can’t think of tape sales increases as being a big change in itself. Under 50,000 sales is modest, especially compared to 91 billion streams in the year. The limitations of tape are likely to prevent people returning to it in large numbers, but it seems that cassettes still have a place in the complex mix of music listening practices we have today. What this small increase does suggest is that sometimes people like to have something tangible that represents their tastes, something that they can hold onto.

 

Words by Dave Beer. More information about his writing can be found on his website and he is also on Twitter.

10 COMMENTS

    • Clearly not a 90s child! Tapes were easily pirated and you could throw them in a glve compartment and they would not scratch or break! CDs could! CDs were also bulkier when stacked. Tapes believe it or not were more compact and easier to see!

  1. Terrible format – prone to magnetic dropouts, shedding information, let alone twisting, breaking and reversing to clog up your machine.

    Analog format, yes, but the perceived differences in tone which are dubious anyway were always killed by shit mastering, bad Dobbbbbly implementation… gawd knows I still own quite a few but cassettes were/are awful.

    Mind, still looking for an 8-track machine to add to me rig like.

  2. Seems fair. I would never have expected to be purchasing cassettes again but I’ve been acquiring 15-20 a year for 3 years now. Beyond big artists seeking to gain ‘collectible’ revenue, I’ve been buying from very small independent labels. Its much easier for those labels to make revenue by selling 100 copies of a cassette for five pound each than to try to compete for attention in the over-saturated streaming/downloading space. There’s also greater predictability: they know they can sell that 100 copies in X amount of time so they’ll have Y money to invest on Z date. Most of them seem to use that money to then fund the expense of producing formal vinyl releases. The type of cassette release has tended to be off-the-cuff studio sessions, home demos, improvisations, live shows – material that doesn’t require significant upfront cash. Ease of manufacture applies also to CD-Rs and files online, but that’s where the chunky physicality, the ability to really have good art and the limited edition nature of a cassette run comes in. I think you’re a little unfair regarding the sound of cassettes vs. other formats (and the anti-CD propaganda of the past decades is so overblown but that’s a separate topic): all the cassettes I’ve bought recently have sounded great! And unlike vinyl it doesn’t cost me 20 pounds a pop for an album that might not be worth (it’s about music not supposed differences in sound quality to me). Cassettes are niche for sure, exactly as you say, but there are fair reasons labels (and certain fans) support a low price physical counterpoint to vinyl.

  3. Bravo David, I may be in the minority, but I hold my tapes in high regard. The thing about analog anything is personal involvement. When you must physically manipulate a media, it becomes very personal. Even CDs are a physical media. That which is held in hand is far greater than that which is just a matter of a few touches. It is about involvement, physical involvement! Anything less is unsatisfying to those who refuse to lay down and play dead for the things which others have not experienced nor understand. The media that allows you to be lazy and indifferent about your experience is not inclined to evoke any real emotion to your experience. Call me old fashioned, call me what you will! I choose to get off mine and make an effort for my pleasure!

  4. For those who’d rather stream their music, it may appear so. To those of us who can and do support this as well as other physical media, the haters and trolls can clearly go stuff it! We who love our music this way shall continue to deal with it’s shortcomings and problems. It is our choice. The others can deal with their way and we ours. The key is loving and protecting our music heritage in whatever way suits. Hating on a means to enjoy a media is a futile expense of energy. Let the music play and let it play your own way.

  5. Tapes were awesome! They would make you listen to the music especially in the car. You would also play russian roulette every time you played one. Would it screw up or be ok? These were the days of enjoyment. CDs were great when they were released. My 1st was EMF Unbelievable. Great sound and great non stop music. Only thing was as I got older there was nothing to remind you of when you was a child. Thank god for charity shops! I now own several cassettes… Enjoyment is what they gave us!

  6. As a kid in the early 70s i didnt have to buy music or equipment, i had an older brother who did that for me. I used what he had and that was a Dual record deck and JVC cassette deck and learnt to like what he did. It was that or the radio and that was mono. I was and still am very lazy with music. The only system i bought into as a young man was a cassette deck and amp for my car. I had bought the car almost new (well to me it was) and within a month the deck was stolen. I used the insurance money and a generous top up to buy a top of the range Panasonic tape deck that was removable. All my Cassettes for the car were recorded by a friend from his LP collection and in the car they sounded great, wow but transferring to a main deck they were crap. If i remember correctly LPs and cassettes ran in at about a tenner, today thats thirty quid! In the early 90s I dabbled in a very few cds for a liitle while then in my 30s put away the music and didnt return for 20 years. Now, well into my fifties i went back into cassettes by accident, no intention but i was looking for a small profile player of anything on fleabay when i came across an Uher tape deck. This was a German brand that survived into the early 80s. They made premium products that were a fortune when i was a teenager, i remember a friend telling me someones dad had just bought an Uher, it sounded incredible then and it was as they cost the equivalent of £3K today. So having parted with peanuts for a player that i didnt really have any confidence in i then had to go find a source of music which i found for even less peanuts in charity and second hand stores, ok not all of them work but most do and in the Uher most of them sound incredible. I am amazed at the quality, im using an Uher preamp and power amp and Sonus Faber speakers. The medium itself may be nostalgic but for myself my memory is something that was over priced crap. However im getting a never ending kick that this 40 year old deck and cassettes push out such wonderful sounds, easily on par with a good record deck. I guess thats it though back in the day the Dual deck of my childhood would of cost the equivalent of way less than a grand today and a quality tape deck three times that amount.
    Cassette tapes are fine quality if they are treated with respect and you have the right equipment. Back in the day that equipment was 2 to 3 times the cost of its competitor, the medium though was priced the same. In hindsight i would say that cassettes got a bad name because few could afford to buy premium equipment.

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